Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering

“Optimization Driven Reconstruction, Analysis and  Redesign of Metabolism”

Costas Maranas
The Pennsylvania State University

Metabolism is defined as the full complement of chemical transformations in living systems. Systems biology techniques are increasingly being used to elucidate and quantify the full range of molecules and processes at work. In this talk, we will discuss how we can speed up the process of building and correcting organism-specific metabolic models using the recently developed MetRxn knowledgebase of standardized metabolite and reaction information ( MetRxn is a standardized, non-redundant, searchable collection of published metabolic models and databases from a wide variety of organisms including atom mapping information across all reactions and enhanced integration with other databases. We will describe how this resource can impact genome-scale metabolic model reconstruction by providing curated reaction and metabolite content. This content is also leveraged for identifying thermodynamically feasible, carbon and energy efficient, overall stoichiometries from a substrate to a target product by globally assessing all co-reactant/products combinations. In addition, we will discuss how reaction atom mapping information in MetRxn can be used to perform metabolic flux elucidation at a genome-scale revealing how the assumptions implied by core metabolic models propagate in the inference of internal metabolic fluxes. Finally, we will present computational tools for strain optimization leading to the microbial overproduction of target biomolecules using both stoichiometric and large-scale kinetic models. Experimental results for a number of collaborative projects will be highlighted and the integration of kinetic information will be detailed.

102 Colburn Lab
University of Delaware
150 Academy Street
Newark, DE 19711

Hosting Organization:
University of Delaware

October 2, 2015

10:00 - 11:00 am